Königgrätz – Order of Battle

Order of Battle of The Prussian Army.


Commander-in-Chief: His Majesty the King of Prussia
Chief of Staff: General von Moltke
Inspector-General of Artillery: Lieut.-General von Hindersin
Inspector-General of Engineers: Lieut.-General von Wasserschleben
1st Army
Commander–in–Chief: H.R.H. Prince Frederick Charles
Chief of the Staff: Lieut.-General von Voigt-Rhetz
2nd Army Corps
Lieut.-General von Schmidt
3rd Division Lieut.-General von Werder
  5th Brigade Major-General von
  6th Brigade Major-General von Winterfeld
      Divisional troops:

  • Pomeranian Rife Battalion, No.2
  • Blucher Hussars, No.5
  • Pioneer Battalion, No.2
  • Four Batteries
4th Division Lieut.-General von Herwath
  7th Brigade Major-General von Schlabrendorf
  8th Brigade Major-General von Hanneken
  Divisional troops:

  • Pomeranian Uhlans, No. 4
  • Four Batteries

Corps troops:

  • Four Batteries Reserve Artillery
3rd Army Corps
No commander
5th Division Lieut.-General von Tümpling
     9th Brigade Major-General von Schimmelmann
    10th Brigade Major-General von Kamienski
     Divisional troops- 1stBrandenburg Uhlans, No. 3
3rd Battalion Pioneers
Four batteries
6th Division Lieut.-General von Manstein
    11th Brigade Major-General von Gersdorf
     12th Brigade Major-General von Kotze
Divisional troops- Brandenburg Dragoons, No. 2
3rd Jäger Battalion
Four Batteries
4th Army Corps
No commander
7th Division Lieut.-General von Fransecky
    13th Brigade Major-General von Schwarzhoff
    14th Brigade Major-General von Gordon
     Divisional troops- 4th Pioneer Battalion
Thuringian Uhlans, No.6
Four Batteries
8th Division Generalleutnant Heinrich Friedrich von Horn
    15th Brigade

31st Infantry Regiment
71st Infantry Regiment

    16th Brigade 72nd Infantry Regiment
    Divisional Troops

6th Uhlan Regiment
4th Jäger Battalion
III Battalion, 4th Field Artillery Regiment

Army Troops  
Cavalry Corps, 1st Army H.R.H. Prince Albredht
 1st Cavalry Division Major-General von Alvensleben
    1st Heavy Brigade Major-General H.R.H. Prince Albrecht
    2nd Heavy Brigade Major-General von Pfuel
    1st Light Brigade Major-General von Rheinbaben
     Divisional troops Two horse batteries
2nd Cavalry Division Major-General Hann von Weyhern
2nd Light Brigade Major-General Duke William of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
3rd Light Brigade Major-General Count Groeben
3rd Heavy Brigade Major- General von der Golz
Divisional troops Two horse batteriesCorps troops-
One horse battery
Reserve Artillery, 1st Army
Sixteen batteries
2nd Army
Commander-in-Chief: H.R.H. The Crown Prince of Prussia
Chief of Staff: Major-General von Blumenthal
1st Army Corps
General von Bonin
1st Division Lieut.-General von Grossman
     1st Brigade Major-General von Pape
     2nd Brigade Major-General von Barnekow
Divisional troops Lithuanian Dragoons, No 1
1st Jäger Battalion
2nd Division Lieut.- General von Clausewitz
    3rd Brigade Major-General von Malotki
     4th Brigade Major-General von Buddenbrock
     Divisional troops 1st Royal Hussars, No 1
1st Pioneer Battalion
Four batteries
Corps troops- Reserve Brigade of Cavalry (including  One horse battery)
Colonel von Bredow
Reserve Artillery
Seven batteries
5th Army Corps
General von Steinmetz
9th Division Major-General von Ollech
     17th Brigade Major-General von Horn
 Divisional troops 1st Silesian Dragoons, No 4
Four batteries
10th Division Major-General von Kirchbach
19th Brigade Major-General von Tiedemann
20th Brigade Major-General Wittich
Divisional troops West Prussian Uhlans, No1
5th   Pioneer Battalion
Four batteries
Corps troops Reserve Artillery
Seven batteries
6th Army Corps
General von Mutius
11th Division Lieut.-General von Zastow
    21st Brigade Major-General von Hannenfeld
    22nd Brigade Major-General von Hoffmann
    Divisional troops Silesian Pioneer Battalion
2nd Silesian Dragoons, No 8
Three batteries
12th Division Lieut.-General von Prondzinski
    Composite Brigade Major-General von Kranach
    Divisional troops 2nd Silesian Hussars, No 6
6th Jäger Battalion
Two batteries
Corps troops 1st Silesian Hussars
Reserve Artillery
Five batteries
Guard Corps
Prince August of Würtemberg
1st Guard Division Lieut.-General Hiller von Gärtringen
    1st Brigade Colonel von Obernitz
    2nd Brigade Major-General von Alvensleben
    Divisional troops Hussars of the Guard
Jägers of the Guard
Four batteries
2nd Guard Division Lieut.-General von Plonski
    3rd Brigade Major-General von Budritski
    4th Brigade Major-General von Loen
Divisional troops 3rd Uhlans of the Guard
Sharpshooter Battalion of the Guard
Four batteries
    Cuirassier Brigade Major-General von
    Light Brigade Major-General von Witzleben
    Landwehr Brigade Major-General von Frankenberg
The Army of the Elbe
Commander –in –Chief: General Herwath von Bittenfeld
Chief of the Staff: Colonel von Schlotheim
14th Division Lieut.-General  Count Münster
27th Brigade Major –General von Schwarzkoppen
    28th Brigade Major-General von Hiller
    Divisional troops Westphalian Dragoons, No. 7
7th Jäger Battalion
Two companies 7th Pioneer Battalion
Four batteries
15th Division Lieut.-General von Canstein
29th Brigade Major-General von Strükradt
    30th Brigade Major-General von Glasenapp
    Divisional troops Royal Hussars, No. 78th Pioneer Battalion
Four batteries
16th Division Lieut.-General von Etzel
31st Brigade Major-General von Schöler
                Fusilier Brigade Colonel Wegerer
                Divisional troops 8th Jäger Battalion
Two batteries
Army troops  
14th Cavalry Brigade Major-General Count Goltz
Reserve Cavalry Brigade Major-General von Kotze
Pomeranian Landwehr Reiter Regiment
One horse battery
Reserve Artillery 7th Corps
Six batteries
Reserve Artillery 8th Corps
Seven batteries


Order of Battle of the Austrian Army of Bohemia.

General-in-Chief: Feldzeugmeister Ritter von Benedek
Chief of the Staff: Lieut.-Field Marshal von Hrnikstein
Director of Artillery: Lieut.-Field Marshal Archduke William
Director of Engineers: Colonel von Pidoll
1st Army Corps
General of Cavalry, Count Clam Gallas
Commandant of Brigade Major-General Poschacher
           “                     “ Colonel Count Leiningen
           “                     “ Major-General Piret
           “                     “ Major-General Ringelsheim
Brigade troops with each brigade: One squadron Nikolaus Hussars
One 4-pdr. Field batteryCorps troops
Two 4-pdr. field batteries
Two 8-pdr. Field batteries
Two horse-artillery batteries
One rocket battery
2nd Army Corps
Lieut.-Field Marshal Count Thun-Hohenstadt
Commandant of Brigade Colonel Thom
           “                     “ Major-General Henriquez
           “                     “ Major-General von Saffran
           “                     “ Major-General Duke Wurtemberg
Brigade troops with each brigade One squadron Imperial Uhlans
One 4-pdr. field batteryCorps troops-
Two 4-pdr. field batteries
Two 8-pdr. field batteries
Two horse-artillery field batteries
One rocket battery
3rd ArmyCorps
Lieut.-Field-Marshal Archduke Ernst
Commandant of Brigade Major-General Kalik (Brigade attached to 1st Army Corps)
           “                     “ Major-General Appiano
           “                     “ Colonel Benedek
           “                     “ Colonel Kirschberg
Brigade troops with each brigade One squadron Count Mensdorf Uhlans
One 4-pdr. field battery
Corps troops-
Two 4-pdr. field batteries
Two 8-pdr. field batteries
Two horse-artillery batteries
One rocket battery
4th Army Corps
Lieut.-Field-Marshal Count Festetics
Commandant of Brigade Major-General von Brandenstein
           “                     “ Colonel Fleishhacker
           “                     “ Colonel Poeckh
           “                     “ Major-General Archduke Joseph
Brigade troops with each brigade One squadron 7th Hussars
One 4-pdr. field battery
Corps troops Two 4-pdr. field batteries
Two 8-pdr field batteries
Two horse-artillery batteries
One rocket battery
6th Army Corps Lieut.-Field-Marshal Baron Ramming
Commandant of Brigade Colonel von Waldstätten
           “                     “ Colonel Hertwegh
           “                     “ Major-General Rosenweig
           “                     “ Colonel Jonak
Brigade troops with each brigade One squadron 10th Uhlans
One 4-pdr. Field battery
Corps troops-
One 4-pdr. Field battery
Two 8-pdr. Field batteries
Two horse-artillery batteries
One rocket battery
8th Army Corps
Archduke Leopold
Commandant of Brigade Colonel Fragnern
           “                     “ Major-General von Kreyssern
           “                     “ Colonel Count Rothkirch
           “                     “ Colonel von Roth
Brigade troops with each brigade One squadron Archduke Charles Uhlans
One 4-pdr. field battery
Corps troops-
One 4-pdr. field battery
Eight 8-pdr. batteries
Two horse-artillery batteries
One rocket battery
10th Army Corps
Lieut.-Field-Marshal von Gablenz
Commandant of Brigade Colonel Mondel
           “                     “ Colonel Grivicics
           “                     “ Major-General von Knebel
           “                     “ Major-General Wimpffen
Brigade troops with each brigade One squadron 1st Uhlans
One 4-pdr. field battery
Corps troops-
One 4-pdr. field battery
Two 8-pdr. field batteries
One horse-artillery battery
One rocket battery
1st Light Cavalry Division
Major-General Baron Edelsheim
(One horse-artillery battery was attached to each cavalry brigade)
Commandant of Brigade Colonel Appel
           “                     “ Colonel Wallis
           “                     “ Colonel Fratricevics
2nd Light Cavalry Division
Major-General Prince Thurn und Taxis
Commandant of Brigade Colonel Count Bellegarde
          “                     “ Major-General Westphalen
1st Reserve Division of Cavalry
Lieut.-Field-Marshal Prince Schleswig-Holstein
Commandant of Brigade Major-General Prince Solms
           “                     “ Major-General Schindlöcker
2nd Reserve Division of Cavalry
Major-General von Zaitsek
Commandant of Brigade Major-General Boxberg
           “                     “ Colonel Count Soltyk
3rd Reserve Cavalry Division
Major-General Count Coudenhove
Commandant of Brigade Major-General Prince Windischgrätz
           “                     “ Major-General von Mengen
Reserve Artillery of the Army:-      Sixteen batteries


Order of Battle of the Saxon Army Corps.

Commander-in-Chief: H.R.H. Crown Prince Albert of Saxony
Chief of the Staff: Major-General von Fabrice
Artillery Commander: Major-General Schmalz
1st Infantry Division
Lieut.-General von Schimpff
2nd Brigade
3rd Brigade
Major-General von Carlowitz
Colonel von Hake
Divisional troops Two squadrons of 2nd and 3rd Reiter Regiments
One 12-pdr. battery
One 6-pdr. Battery
2nd Infantry Division
Lieut.-General von Stieglitz
1st Brigade
2nd Brigade
Colonel von Boxberg
Divisional troops Two squadrons Guard and 1st Reiter Regiments
One 12-pdr. battery
One 6-pdr. Battery
Cavalry Division
Lieut.-General von Fritsch
1st Brigade Lieut.-General Prince George of Saxony
2nd Brigade Major-General von Biedermann
                One 12-pdr. horse artillery battery Corps troops-
Three 12-pdr. batteries
Two 6-pdr. batteries
Two companies of Pioneers
One pontoon detachment


Complete lists of all regiments for the Prussian, Austrian and Saxon Armies can be obtained by contacting this site.

12 thoughts on “Königgrätz – Order of Battle”

  1. Hello,
    I am wondering if you can point me in the right direction.
    My ancestor Franz Kroning (birth date 1840, somewhere in Prussia) is reported in his obituary in a local New Zealand newspaper as fighting, for Germany/Prussia, in the “battle of Koniggratz, and the more famous battle of Sadowa”.
    I think the reporter has misunderstood they were the same battle – the newspaper is known for being more gossipy than factual. Or was there a second battle?
    I am really interested in finding out even a birth date for this ancestor.
    So I am wondering if you can tell me what websites would have military records from back then, or if those records still exist.
    Warm regards,

    1. Hello, I saw another message you had given someone to contact the museum of the Battle and I have now done so.
      Thank you for sharing this information so freely.

    2. Hello Hannah!
      Yes, the names Sadowa and Koniggratz refer to the same battle.
      Since your relation was in the Prussian army in 1866 then I will look up details of who to contact in Germany and get back to you.

      Thank you for visiting the site.
      Best Regards,
      Graham J.Morris

  2. Good afternoon,

    I read your reply online to a client. “Austrian Empire had some strange recruiting areas as well as recruiting systems. ”

    I am struggling with understanding if my 3rd Great Grandfather, Josef Fischer, served in the military or not? Or his younger three brothers. I understand that in the era of the Austrian Empire, a conscription military was in force, especially with surrounding battles in 1866, such as the Battle of Königgrätz. At the time, Josef would be 38 years old, and I read the mandatory age for conscription was between 18 to 45. Plus, a few exceptions were granted, but not to peasant-class farmers. So, although Josef had a wife and four children, I assume he would have to join the military. But I have found NO record of this being true.

    I assume with the War of 1866 going close to my ancestor’s village (Český Šumburk) all males had to serve. Can you please help find records if they are in the army?
    All brothers born at Schumburg #60. I attached their four birth records to maybe provide a clue.
    Josef Fischer, Born 8 June 1828
    Franz Fischer, Born 7 Feb 1836
    Johann Fischer, Born 3 Mar 1838
    Peter Fischer, Born 10 Oct 1840
    Do you think you can help me?

    Very Respectfully, Dr. Randy Fisher

  3. Excellent work.
    Are there lists (muster rolls?) of participants in the Austrian units, perhaps at the Kriegsarchiv in Vienna? Is there anything on line? I am interested in troops from Eastern Galicia, in the I, VIII, and X Corps d’Armee (infantry regiments 30, 15 and 77, and 10 and 24, respectively).

    1. Thanks for visiting the site Andrew,

      The Austrian Empire had some strange recruiting areas as well as recruiting systems. Troops were sometimes mixed together depending on their ethnic origins; Slaves were put with Slaves, regardless of their country, making it easy for none commissioned offices who were recruited from similar areas to issue orders and train them, higher ranking officers being limited to German or French. This makes it difficult to find any exact details of units in various corps. Galicia, for example, being in modern day Poland, means that, although many Poles may have been recruited, there were probably many other ethnic groups filling up the ranks.
      Having said that, I will try and obtain details of the Hapsburg areas of recruiting and get back to you.
      If you would like to send me your email address that would be fine. Mine is:- grahammorris422@gmail.com
      Thanks once again,

  4. My great x3 grandfather, Julius Gregor Constantin Wittig, had a younger brother, Emil Wittig, from Striegau , who was in the 6th Comp. the 1st Silesian grenadier battalions nr . 10. Emil was born February 17, 1844 and died on August 6, 1866 due to the cholera outbreak after the Battle of Koeniggraetz. I’m wondering if I can find out anything else about him or his military service. Thank you

    1. Hello Alida!

      I will try and find some information concerning Striegau and the 1st Silesian Grenadier Battalion Nr10.
      Please give me a couple of weeks to gather details. With the Christmas holidays fast approaching things are a little hectic at the moment!

      Thank you for visiting the site.
      Best wishes,
      Graham J.Morris

    2. I will try some of my contacts in Germany but you may like to try a few of the military museums and archives in Berlin?

      Much archive material was destroyed during the Second World War but maybe there are details still remaining ?

      Thank you for visiting the site!
      Graham J.Morris

      1. Thank you for you reply and willingness to research this further. I sincerely appreciate your efforts and the suggestions!

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